Recently, I read an article saying the Municipal Corporation has issued notices to a number of co-operative housing societies in Mumbai to have a solid waste management within their premises. Currently, it has 7600metric tonnes per day of dumping being done, which the municipal corporation intends to bring it down to 5000metric tonnes per day.
IGBC (Indian Green Building Council) : IGBC gives certifications to Projects Under-Development whether it adheres to the Green Building Concept. A definition of Green Building is "A green building is one which uses less water, optimises energy efficiency, conserves natural resources, generates less waste and provides healthier spaces for occupants, as compared to a conventional building." Picking up from the definition, lets look at the points below :
Water although available in abundance, is still a scarce resource because it needs to be treated to make it available for use. Sea Water been saline cannot be used for our day to day purpose. Scientists have been working on finding ways to make this water usable. Its still a work in progress. There are many societies in Mumbai which does not receive water for daily use. Tankers are used to fulfil the requirement. Ultimately, it does hurt the pocket of the homeowner in terms of higher maintenance charges per month. A building which uses less water obviously optimises the best use of water available for the residents.
b. Optimises Energy Efficiency :
Something a homeowner will find a delight to see is that his electricity bills running down, which is right now a dream to consider. There are quite a few societies who still do it. Even within the home LED lights makes more sense than the traditional one's used. It simply gives you a running time of more than 5 times the traditional one and uses less electricity too.
The television runs several ads of Syska Led Lights being hosted by Mr. Irfan Khan, which helps residents reduce their electricity bills. The recent one is a hilarious one comparing the Syska Led Bulb with a Non-Syska Traditional Bulb. Syska Led Light runs 5 times more than the one on offer and pay less electricity bill than the traditional one. A simple thought conveyed beautifully.
c. Conserve Natural Resources :
Natural Resources are air, water and land. Air is available for free and its getting polluted day by day. It is even affecting our Ozone Layer, Health and causing Diseases. A Green Building which gives you fresh air without being affected by the outside pollutants. Today, we do have paints which can help our home have fresh air. Most of us would have seen the Deepika Padukone ad of Asian Paints. Its a concept of Air Purifying Paint. The trend is becoming clear slowly. Most of us are going towards advanced technologies to help address our problems.
d. Generates Less Waste : Solid Waste Management as mentioned earlier is causing BMC to come out with new rules to help reduce the waste generated by Societies and it can be treated within the premises. Garbage from these places include food wastes, plastics, paper, glass, leather, cardboard, metals, yard wastes, ashes and special wastes like bulky household items like electronics, tires, batteries, old mattresses and used oil.
Most homes have garbage bins where they can throw away their solid wastes in and later the bin is emptied by a garbage collecting firm or person for treatment. If the waste that can be recycled is treated by the Society and the rest is dumped, will help address the problem at present. This will reduce the amount of waste being generated in the city and dumped at the dump yards.
e. Healthier Spaces for Occupants :
There is already plenty of evidence that a green building is healthy for its occupants, more so than a conventional one. And this makes sense too: For Example, A Green Building can use more natural ventilation which improves indoor air quality and a green building can incorporate more daylighting which improves productivity. As of today, we have paints which lasts in all weather conditions, we expect a building's life to be not more than 25-35 years, a building which gives good cross ventilation. This should be the natural progression.
To add to the above, even for construction now a days Developers are using Fly Ash Brick (FAB) and AAC Blocks for construction owing to their heat, fire and sound resistance quality and durability. This does add years of life to a building rather reducing the duration a building can hold for, thus providing resistance against normal wear and tear which happens due to climate change every 4 months a year. Just like our bodies which at times fall ill due to weather changes, hence we build its immunity to stay strong. Healthier construction techniques does add to the immunity of a building.
There are various ways in which one can make a home or buy a home with the latest technologies. Although costs are involved, it depends on the Financial viability too. Ending my this article with few facts and figures given below :
With a modest beginning of 20,000 sq.ft. green built-up area in the country in the year 2003, today (as on 26 September 2017) more than 4,289 Green Buildings projects coming up with a footprint of over 4.68 Billion sq.ft are registered with the Indian Green Building Council (IGBC), out of which 1182 Green Building projects are certified and fully functional in India. This growth has been possible with the participation of all stakeholders in the green building movement.